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|Milestones in the HIV epidemic|
|May 27, 2011 00:00|
• On June 5, the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention reports the first case of the illness that will come to be called AIDS.
• The CDC links the new disease to blood. The name Gay-Related Immune Deficiency (GRID) is replaced with Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
• The CDC warns blood banks of the risk of infection through transfusion.
• Virus isolated by Luc Montagnier of the Pasteur Institute and Robert Gallo of the National Cancer Institute determined to be cause of AIDS; later named the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
• First International AIDS Conference held in Atlanta.
• President Ronald Reagan uses the word “AIDS” in public for the first time.
• ACT UP (AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power) starts.
• U.S. Surgeon General C. Everett Koop launches the first coordinated HIV campaign by mailing 107 million copies of “Understanding AIDS” to all American households.
• Choreographer Alvin Ailey dies of AIDS.
• Ryan White dies from AIDS at age 18. The Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency (CARE) Act of 1990 is approved.
• NBA superstar Magic Johnson announces that he has HIV and will retire from basketball.
• AIDS becomes number one cause of death for U.S. men ages 25 to 44.
• Arthur Ashe dies from AIDS.
• Elizabeth Glaser, co-founder of the Pediatric AIDS Foundation, dies of AIDS.
• First protease inhibitor, saquinavir, approved in record time by the U.S. FDA, ushering in new era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
• At 11th AIDS Conference in Vancouver, new protease inhibitors and combination therapies bring new optimism.
• AIDS-related deaths in the U.S. decline by more than 40 percent compared to the prior year, largely due to HAART.
• U.S Department of Health & Human Services issues first national guidelines for the use of antiretroviral therapy in adults.
• Study finds that numbers of new HIV infections are rising among young gay men.
• CDC reports that, among men who have sex with men in the U.S., African-American and Latino cases exceed those among whites.
• United Nations General Assembly convenes first ever special session on AIDS.
• HIV is leading cause of death worldwide, among those aged 15-59.
• President Bush announces PEPFAR, the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief.
• Leaders of the Group of Eight (G8) nations call for creation of “Global HIV Vaccine Enterprise.”
• The World Health Organization, UNAIDS, the United States government and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis & Malaria announce results of joint efforts to increase the availability of antiretroviral drugs in developing countries.
• CDC recommends routine HIV screening for all adults ages 13-64
• Since 1981, more than 565,000 people have died of AIDS in the U.S., the CDC reports
• CDC releases new HIV estimates of 56,300 new infections per year, versus 40,000 previously cited. The increase is attributed to new ways of measuring new infections.
• President Obama announces his administration will remove final regulatory barriers to lift the HIV travel and immigration ban.
• Key studies show that microbicides can help reduce HIV infections among women, and that taking HIV medications may help keep HIV-negative gay men from contracting the virus.
Sources: AIDS.gov, Kaiser Family Foundation (www.kff.org), AIDS Education Global Information System (www.aegis.com), staff reports
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